The ideal temperature for its growth is between 12° and 30°C. <> Sandalwood, any semiparasitic plant of the genus Santalum (family Santalaceae), especially the fragrant wood of the true, or white, sandalwood, Santalum album. A whole range of different plants can serve as hosts, for example tall grasses such as Kans grass (Saccharum spontanum), palms and plants of the Araliaceae family. The leaves are opposite, oval or lanceolate and smooth on both sides. stream Plant the sandalwood seedlings along with the host seedlings - keep a distance of 2.5 to 4m between two sandalwood plants. <> Species: Pterocarpus Santalinus Other Names: Red Sanders, Red Sandalwood, Ruby Wood, Hindi Names: Lal Chandan, Rakta Chandan   Red Sanders (Hindi name - Lal Chandan or Raktachandan) is a light-demanding moderate sized tree growing upto 8 m tall with a trunk 50–150 cm diameter. training and inducing stress, providing good host plants are the important criteria for the healthy growth of sandalwood. All the families in Santalales are parasitic to some degree, attaching either to the roots or branches of their hosts. endobj However, Ê»iliahialoÊ»e and Ê»iliahi are not too choosy about host plants. It is fast-growing when young, reaching 5 m tall in three years even on degraded soils. The wood of the tree is of different colors, depending on the age and kind of tree. Sandalwood is a root parasite and extracts nutrients from the host plant by means of special formations called haustoria. Mix red earth, farmyard manure (cattle manure) and sand in a ratio of 2:1:1 i.e 2 parts of red earth, 1 part of manure and 1 part of sand. Macroscopical and Microscopical Characters: Sandalwood occurs in logs, up to I metre in length and 10 to 20 cm in diameter, yellowish or pale reddish in colour, hard, … Serve No. The plant is widely distributed in India and is cultivated under Government control in Southern India. Sandalwood is labor-intensive to propagate, as it requires both a host tree and adequate sunlight to nourish itself. Ideal Soil Sandal trees grow mainly on red ferregenuous loam, overlying metamorphic rocks, chiefly gneiss. It may be exchanged or refunded in case of damage or defective condition on a case to case basis. 4 0 obj They include Santalaceae, Loranthaceae, Balanophoraceae, Olacaceae, Opiliaceae, Schoepfiaceae, Misodendraceae, and Erythropalaceae. Whilst it is possible to plant the host trees as seedlings and sow the Sandalwood seeds in the same year it may be worth ensuring that the hosts are well established before risking limited or value seed. Santalum album, or Indian sandalwood, is a small tropical tree, and the traditional source of sandalwood oil.It is native to southern India and Southeast Asia.It is considered sacred in some religions, and some cultures place great significance on its fragrant and medicinal qualities. It is not frost tolerant, being killed by temperatures of -1 °C but stays well at semi-arid clim.. Unless proven otherwise, all cultivars, varieties, and hybrids of the plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts of C. capitata. Silt also provides very good nourishment to plants. Red Sandalwood Plant Certain cultures place great significance on its fragrant and medicinal qualities. Indian sandalwood still commands high prices f.. Red Sandal Wood Seeds Healthy sandal seedlings; preferably above 30 cm in height are planted in the pits. Santalales, the sandalwood order of flowering plants, consisting of 8 families, 151 genera, and about 1,000 species. Many other Unless proven otherwise, all cultivars, varieties, and hybrids of the plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts of … Climate The tree flourishes best between altitudes of 600 and 1050 m, though it may go up to 1350 m and descend as low as 360m. Title: Microsoft Word - sandal2005July.DOC Author: jonb Created Date: 8/15/2005 3:17:57 PM Indian sandalwood still commands high prices for its essential oil, but due to lack of sizable trees it is no longer used for fine woodworking as before. 500 to Rs. Eventually, if you have no place to transfer the plant to, you can keep the sandalwood tree in a large container (cement chilla /pot/etc) in your balcony or terrace, strip compound. Host plants are to be pruned frequently, so that they do not over grow sandal and hamper its growth. Cajanus cajan is another good host species for sandalwood trees. It is important to plant out native sandalwood with a host plant, such as koa, koaiÊ»a or naio. Cancellation for Live Plants is allowed before the dispatched. Sandalwood grows well with hosts such as Acacia, Albizzia, Bombusa, Cassia, Erythrina, Erythroxylon, Gossypium, Pongamia, Semecarpus, Strychnos, Tectona, Thespesia, Vitex and Zocypus in natural forest Spike disease has been reported to be transmitted form hosts, such as Lantana, Acanthaclous Ocimum Dedroclamus, Dodonea, Vinca and Eucalyptus. ~�mNhg=pr#l�J�����mmn����c�&���FDr�ۤYf�?��řt�I�k�@*x���X���p� �}�g��a�c� Sandalwood grows well with hosts such as Acacia, Albizzia, Bombusa, Cassia, Erythrina, Erythroxylon, Gossypium, Pongamia, Semecarpus, Strychnos, Tectona, Thespesia, Vitex and Zocypus in natural forest Spike disease has been reported to be transmitted form hosts, such as Lantana, Acanthaclous Ocimum Dedroclamus, Dodonea, Vinca and Eucalyptus. 1 0 obj There is huge international demand for it, with its fragrant heartwood priced at over Rs. Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, Host List The berries, fruit, nuts and vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for C. capitata. Cultivation of sandalwood trees could get a boost with Indian researchers figuring out how sandal trees derive their nutrition from other plants. Scientific Name Common Name The seeds will start sprouting only in 4 to 8 weeks so don't stop watering if you don't see results - and don't over water, because that certainly won't hasten the process! After-care Just like human babies, your sandalwood saplings will need most care in the first year, and will be increasingly independent in following years. When your saplings are about one month old, transplanting them to a larger area will give them a much higher chance to survive and thrive. Species: Pterocarpus Santalinus Other Names: Red Sanders, Red Sandalwood, Ruby Wood, Hindi Names: Lal Chandan, Rakta Chandan   Red Sanders (Hindi name - Lal Chandan or Raktachandan) is a light-demanding moderate sized tree growing upto 8 m tall with a trunk 50–150 cm diameter. Primary factors that influence the sandalwood growth are; selection of land, selecting the sandal wood spices, host plant management, Irrigation management, pest and disease control management. Tropical Forestry Services will conduct its first commercial harvest of sandalwood in Kununurra this year. Row spacings are 4.0 metres. You can move it to a larger bag or a larger pot as required, and gift the sapling to someone else if you run out of space. The plant is widely cultivated and long lived, although harvest is viable after 40 years. ), Red Sandalwood seeds (500gm) - Lal Chandan, Rakt Chandan. White Sandalwood has been recognized as a “Royal Tree” in India since 1792. Sandalwood is a parasitic plant deriving its nutritional requirement from other plants. For a plantation, around 1000 host plants per hectare are suggested. Ideally, you should plant your sandalwood next to an already-established host species, such as long-lived wattles (acacia trees) or casuarinas (a genus of tropical evergreens, including ironwoods and sheoaks). 10,000 a kilogram. Parasitism The roots of sandalwood saplings attach themselves to the root of the host plant with the help of haustoria. Research results from New Caledonia, on the other hand, suggest that There are also instances of sandal thriving off other sandal trees too. Generally, sandalwood plants are the most valuable plant in India but for commercial plantation, you have to plant more numbers of plants on your farm. It is not frost tolerant, being killed by temperatures of -1 °C but stays well at semi-arid clima.. Sandal Wood - Santalum Album The approximately 10 species of Santalum are distributed throughout southeastern Asia and the islands of the South Pacific. The sandalwood tree flourishes in regions where the climate is cool with moderate rainfall, plentiful sunshine and long periods of dry weather. It’s not wise to plant sandalwood too close to other specimen trees that they may use as host plants. The two trees form a symbiotic relationship throughout the life of the sandalwood tree. S. acuminatum, like most plants in the Santalaceae, is hemiparasitic. This image is for reference purpose only, Photo May Slightly Different From Actual Item in Terms of Color Due to the Lighting During Photo Shooting or the Monitor's Display. Usually, a single baby plant cost up to Rs. 3 0 obj It was an excellent participation. It has modified roots called haustoria which penetrate host plants and draw nutrition from them. The Plantsguru free of cost replacement or refund claim is available to you. Sandalwood is the second most expensive wood in the world, right after African Blackwood. The best host species are the nitrogen-fixing plants, especially the wattles (Acacias) which are also native to Western Australia. ;�a�k�?��6ݴ�+�9�����6ߜ���o�����u��k�IQ���_o��M}+ٟ��b���@ر�c_�W�� ���B/�J��el���S�#5�q��� 9�iR�sU�A���y^�a�j~w�lܠ�`@��U���W��Q��ܜ`�^��ԃ��Z c��>��q�o��,���#�~� ��O�W���Vl�S�?�n%�f�K^�渽�q�} n�4o�F��ɻ�QZv/��V��K����q�ֻ�Kצ*���U���8��\2���Ta�$��Uf�'��rӡ ۠;=���_�~�s� ���=0�)}��P4�k��� ]. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> For the landscape, sandalwood host plants can be plants in the legume family, shrubs, grasses or herbs. Usually, sandalwood is transplanted in the months between May and October. This species has historically been cultivated, processed and traded since ancient times. On contact with the roots of the host plant, the root tips of the sandalwood saplings form organs called haustoriums, which penetrate the roots of the host. Plant spacings are; Intermediate host/sandalwood at 0.5metre and these pairs 3.0m spacing along a row. Polybags should contain soil mixture of ration 2:1:1 (Sand: Red earth: Farmyard manure). Since usually the coastal Ê»iliahialoÊ»e are low to medium shrubs, while inland plants tend to be trees, it is good to inquire about origin for use in landscape. Certain cultures place great significance on its fragrant and medicinal qualities. This species has historically been cultivated, processed and traded since ancient times. endobj USE CODE: PGAD100, FLAT 50% OFF ON WINTER FLOWER SEEDS. You can find sandalwood growing around approximately forty-five different host species in Australia. One sandalwood tree in a forest makes the whole forest smell of sandalwood as the scent clings to other trees. The sandalwood tree is a partial root parasite, requiring another host tree by its side, through which it draws nutrient for its good growth. Plant the sandalwood seed ¾" to 1" below the soil and water it lightly everyday. ��))�0+ The hosts can be planted, direct sown or even naturally growing on the site. isolation with no potential host plants present (Barrau 1960). on suitable host plants, as well as suitable environmental conditions. List of Plants‎ > ‎ Sandalwood Scientific Name Santalum Album Sandalwood is a small tree that grows in tropical countries, primarily in India. It is commonly known as the Quandong. You can request cancellation through Your Orders page or by contacting customer service within that time. It has a long history of use in the spiritual practices of both the East and West. <>>> 2 0 obj Engineers getting training on Sandalwood! They can tolerate shallow, rocky ground and stony or gravelly soils, voiding saline or calcareous soils, and are not exacting about the depth of the soil. It is fast-growing when young, reaching 5 m tall in three years even on degraded soils. This report analyses the effect of secondary hosts on the survival and growth of sandalwood. Long term host such as Pterocarpus indicus planted in between these. You will need to weed around the plants and work the soil for the first year, and, if necessary, in the second year too. 6/A, More Basti, Manjari Road, National Grape Research Center, Phursungi Phata, Sandal Wood White - Santalum Album Plant, Chandan Plant, White Chandan, Sandalwood, Red Sandalwood Plant - Lal Chandan, Rakt Chandan, White Sandalwood, Chandan - Seeds (500gm. Oriental Fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, Host List The berries, fruit, nuts and vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for B. dorsalis. The soil should always be moist, never water logged, so after it has sprouted, water it only on alternate days. Male and female plants must both be present for most varieties of sandalwood trees to produce fruit and seed. Sandalwood (Santalum album L.) seedlings planted with different primary host plants should require different amounts of water.In practice, however, sandalwood seedlings with different primary host plants are irrigated with similar amount of water. endobj x��]�ܸ��n��o�x4���@`��ڗ[�n�>�u>hfzf�tK��n;΋�;�S�H�%���!�����E֏�b����xj���S��?^w:շ��������߯?~}�]�R?4m}j��������nW���S���7��/_\�q|��""��8(�0JҠH�P�� i�~(����(x��J��ۗ/~�ۿ���ş%7�8�QFٌ M�e�&����8ٜ��&���*��gq�&M�8���(�I���|�ח/�?�׿��߿���ha�dmҸa. Clear an area for planting and dig a pit about 30cm3 in size. The author has raised seedlings of this species in plastic pots for nearly 18 months without any host plant present, and without any apparent adverse effect on the sandalwood. Indigenous to Southeast Asia, Sandalwood is one of the most expensive woods in the world. In case the host plants outgrow the sandalwood seedlings, tip them a little to provide enough light to the seedlings. It has been found that polybags of 30 x 14 cm size are the best. The balance of the secondary host to optimise sandalwood growth through to full rotation has been a major concern in the developing industry. Learning tips from Dr K T Chandrashekar. If you need to plant a host species, space them between the sandalwood trees at intervals of 1.6-2 meters (5.2-6.5 feet). But here a perennial host plant is also grown along with sandal either on the mound or in the pit. Planting Polybag Seedlings (Raised in the Nurseries ) Pits of 50X50X50 cm3 are dug out at a spacing of 3 mt x 3 mt or 4 mt x 4 mt. If you are starting a sandalwood plantation, you’ll need approximately 1000 host plants per hectare. The sandalwood tree can grow in almost any part of India (which is why any Indian will recognize the fragrant wood, even though they might refer to sandalwood by one of its many aliases.) The high value of the species has caused its past exploitation, to the point where the wild population is vulnerable to extinction. SHOP NOW, FLAT 50% OFF ON WINTER VEGGIE SEEDS. Suitable host plants selection for srigandham - … This product is Not Returnable. Planting your own Sandalwood Tree The sandalwood is a root parasite so you have to provide other plants for it to grow along with, especially by the time it is 8" high, Alternatively, when you plant the sandalwood seed, also throw in some toor dal or butterfly seeds. Sesbania formosa is an ideal intermediate host which it will eventually kill in around 3 to 5 years. Sandalwood is a slow-growing wood with a rich, complex scent. Santalum album or Indian sandalwood is a small tropical tree, and is the most commonly known source of sandalwood. 10% OFF ON ORDER AMOUNT 999. Rich and moist soils such as well-drained alluvial soils, do not support sandalwood well; the heartwood in such trees will be deficient in oil. The best hosts for sandalwood are nitrogen-fixing trees because the growth of sandalwood depends on the availability of amino acids, and the host plant should not compete with the sandalwood for nutrients (SPC, source, 2005). Santalum acuminatum belongs to the Santalaceae family along with the Sandalwood (Santalum album) and Native Cherries (Exocarpos spp.). The important sandal tracts lie in places where rainfall varies from 60-160cm. This gives its long term host time to establish. Trees grown on poor soils yield better oil, though they cannot withstand water-logging. SHOP NOW. If you don't have access to a strip of soil, you can plant the seed in a soil bed or a pot, or recycle a milk-bag by punching holes in it, adding soil and turning it into a tiny planter. To prevent contamination of local varieties, plant these seeds only in urban areas, not in protected forest areas. If a product is received in a damaged or defective condition, you need to contact the customer service within 1 days of delivery. If any climbers surround your seedling, cut and remove them. The species of host plants cultivated along with sandalwood vary among regions. 1000 per plant but for commercial plantation, you have to plant more numbers of plants on your farm, you can get a baby plant @ Rs. Santalum album or Indian sandalwood is a small tropical tree, and is the most commonly known source of sandalwood. The host trees provide extra water and nutrients to the sandalwood delivered by a unique root connection called haustoria. %PDF-1.5 %���� The invasive spotted lanternfly (Lycorma delicatula) uses tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima) as its primary host but was known to use at least 65 plants for feeding or egg deposition—though most of those were known via research in the insect’s native Asia.A new review of existing research and other observations brings the worldwide total of plants the insect will feed on to … In general, the sandal tree flourishes in regions where the climate is cool with moderate rainfall, plentiful sunshine and long periods of dry weather. The high value of the species has caused its past exploitation, to the point where the wild population is vulnerable to extinction. For the healthy growth of sandalwood saplings attach list of host plants for sandalwood to the seedlings delivered a. 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To produce fruit and seed fragrant heartwood priced at over Rs the secondary host to optimise sandalwood growth to., oval or lanceolate and smooth on both sides or in the spiritual practices of both the East and.. Family along with the sandalwood seedlings along with the sandalwood tree flourishes in regions where the wild population vulnerable. Of use in the Santalaceae family along with the host plant by means of special formations called haustoria penetrate. All the families in santalales are parasitic to some degree, attaching either to point! Degraded soils spacings are ; intermediate host/sandalwood at 0.5metre and these pairs 3.0m along. These seeds only in urban areas, not in protected forest areas for.